Employment Standards

Quebec – Employment Standards

Employment / Labour Standards and Regulations – 2015
Minimum Wage
  • $10.55 per hour
  • $9.05 per hour (employees who receive tips)
  • $10.55 per hour (employees in the clothing industry)
Effective May 1, 2016
  • $10.75 per hour
  • $9.20 per hour (employees who receive tips)
  • $10.75 per hour (employees in the clothing industry)
Call-in Pay
  • 3 hours at regular wage
Overtime Pay:
Time + 1/2
  • Over 40 hours per week
Hospital and Medical Care Premiums or Provincial Payroll Tax Payroll Tax (QHSF)
  • Under $1M = 2.70%
  • Over $1 million to 5 million: W% = 2.31% + (0.39 x S). (Where W=contributory rate, and S=total payroll / $1 million).
  • Over $5 million: 4.26%
Vacation Entitlement
  • After 1 year: 2 weeks
  • After 5 years: 3 weeks
Note: In Quebec, employees with less than 1 year service get 1 day vacation per full month of uninterrupted service without exceeding 2 weeks.
Vacation Pay
  • 4% of vacationable earnings
  • After 5 years of employment: 6%
Tip: To determine vacationable earnings, check the Vacationable Earnings chart or consult with employment/labour standards in the jurisdiction.
Statutory Holidays
  • New Year’s Day (January 1)        
  • Good FridayThe stat holiday is either Good Friday or Easter Monday (employer’s choice).
  • National Patriot’s Day            
  • National Holiday (June 24) (see note)
  • Canada Day (July 1)– July 2nd if July 1st falls on a Sunday.
  • Labour Day         
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Christmas Day (December 25)
Note: National Holiday is also referred to as St. Jean Baptiste Day. Legislated under National Holiday Act; eligibility and payment requirements differ from other statutory holidays (Please consult the Act.).
Statutory Holiday Pay (if worked)
  • Regular wages for hours worked plus an indemnity OR regular wages plus alternate day
Note: The indemnity is 1/20 wages less OT in previous 4 weeks.  For commission employees, the indemnity is 1/60 wages earned in the previous 12 weeks.
Statutory Holiday Pay (if not worked)
  • Indemnity
Note: The indemnity is 1/20 wages less OT in previous 4 weeks.  For commission employees, the indemnity is 1/60 wages earned in the previous 12 weeks.
Notice of Termination
by Employer
  • Less than 3 months of employment: Nil
  • 3 months - 1 year of employment: 1 week
  • 1 - 5 years of employment: 2 weeks
  • 5 - 10 years of employment: 4 weeks
  • 10 years of employment and over: 8 weeks
Note: When terminating in groups of 10 or more, group termination rules may apply.
Maternity and Paternity Leave
  • 18 weeks or 15 weeks / 5 weeks or 3 weeks
Note: Under QPIP: Choosing special plan increases benefit amount but decreases the time period of the claim. Maternity leave totals 18 weeks under basic plan and 15 weeks under special plan. Paternity leave totals 5 weeks under the basic and 3 weeks under the special plan. For specific benefit amounts see http://www.rqap.gouv.qc.ca/index_en.asp
Parental Leave (available to either parent)
  • 32 weeks or 25 weeks
Note 1: Under QPIP: Choosing special plan increases benefit amount but decreases the time period of the claim. Paternity leave totals 5 weeks under the basic and 3 weeks under the special plan. Parental leave totals 32 weeks under the basic plan and 25 weeks under special plan. Adoption leave totals 37 weeks under the basic and 28 weeks under the special plan. For specific benefit amounts see http://www.rqap.gouv.qc.ca/index_en.asp
Bereavement
  • 1 day / 4 days
Note: One day with pay upon the death or funeral of his or her spouse (“consort”), child (including a spouse’s child), mother, father, brother or sister that occurs on a working day. The employee may also be absent from work without pay for four more days on such occasions.
Compassionate/ Family Care/ Responsibility
  • 10 days / 12 weeks
Note: Eligible employees may take up to 12 weeks’ unpaid leave per employment year if the circumstances of their loved ones require it; If an employee’s child, under 18 years old, has a serious and possibly fatal illness, an eligible employee may extend their leave to 104 weeks.
Emergency
  • (no applicable legislation)
Sick
  • 26 weeks
Note 1: Employees who have completed three months of uninterrupted service may take up to 26 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12-month period (starting from the day of the first absence) due to illness or injury without pay. Does not apply to work related illnesses or injuries covered under CSST.

Note 2:  Organ donation leave is available
Child-care
  • 5 days

Note: The employee may be absent for five days on birth/adoption of a child or where there is a termination of pregnancy in or after the 20th week. The employee is entitled to first two days with pay if he or she has at least 60 days of uninterrupted service with the same employer. Other three days are without pay.

Voting
  • 4 hours
Wedding
  • 1 day
Reservist’s Leave
  • Yes
Note: Leave for Reservists – Employees who are members of the Canadian Forces Reserves and deployed for active service are entitled to a job-protected unpaid leave. Eligibility requirements and period of leave varies-consult applicable employment/labour standards information.
Disappearance of a Child Leave
  • 52 weeks for disappearance

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